Perceptions regarding who is primarily responsible for innovation have expanded from the confines of the laboratory to include all employees of a company, according to a study of a cross-section of managers and professionals in manufacturing companies in the Americas, Asia and Europe.
More than a third of respondents (37 percent) said they are counting on all employees, not just the head of science and technology, to advance innovation in their companies. Twenty-three percent of respondents felt that innovation is the responsibility of the chief technology officer.
The global study was conducted by Harris Interactive Inc., on behalf of Dow Corning Corp., Midland, Mich. The study involved a telephone survey of executives from a wide range of industries, including electronics, construction, beauty and personal care, automotive, textiles, rubber, plastics, paper, and health care.
Reversing the process
â€œThe results show a trend away from the traditional â€˜inside-outâ€™ approach to innovation, which involves creating a new product or solution and then looking for a way to sell it,â€ says Scott Fuson, global executive director for marketing, sales and customer service at Dow Corning. â€œRespondents now are turning to an â€˜outside-inâ€™ perspective of monitoring the external environment, market needs and customer expectations and then creating products, services and solutions to address those needs.â€
Respondentsâ€™ ranking of factors that make a supplier a successful innovator reinforce this perception. The top-ranked factor was having an â€œintimate understanding of what customers want and need.â€ This response scored 8.9 out of a possible 10 score, where 10 means â€œextremely importantâ€ and 0 means â€œnot at all important.â€ The second highest response was â€œemployees are creativeâ€ which scored 8.6, and third was â€œapply the latest developments in science and technologyâ€ at 8.5.
â€œTraditionally, company leaders felt that advancements in science and technology were primarily and almost solely responsible for innovation,â€ adds Gregg Zank, chief technology officer and executive director of science and technology. â€œThis result shows that respondents appreciate the significance of understanding customer needs first and foremost.â€
When identifying â€œthe single biggest challenge facing your business today,â€ 36 percent of global respondents indicated their top-ranked challenge is â€œlower-cost competitors.â€ Other challenges identified in the global results, in order of priority, were â€œnew market developmentâ€ at 19 percent, â€œinnovationâ€ at 16 percent, and â€œrising energy costsâ€ at 13 percent.
Regional results showed marked variations. The challenge of lower-cost competitors is perceived as being more critical in Asia (36 percent), compared to 29 percent in the Americas and 29 percent in Europe respectively.
Thirty-two percent of respondents in Europe feel that innovation is by far the single biggest challenge facing their businesses today. Only 10 percent of respondents in the Americas and Asia named innovation as their top challenge.
â€œThis mirrors feedback from the European Commission-sponsored Innovation Scorecard that tracks innovation progress in Europe,â€ Zank says. â€œCommission officials have noted that innovation is critical to boosting growth rates and productivity in Europe.â€
Dow Corning, which is equally owned by The Dow Chemical Co. and Corning Inc., describes itself as â€œa global leader in silicon-based technology and innovation, offering more than 7,000 products and services.â€
Dow Corning Corp.