How COVID-19 is Impacting Automation Decisions

Aug. 4, 2020
The pause in many ongoing projects as the pandemic hit gave companies more time to think about how to move forward with their automation projects. The result is an increased use of remote access and data analytics.

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed virtually everything about our business and personal lives this year, and automation is certainly no exception to that rule. To better understand how COVID-19 is affecting industrial companies and their decisions around automation, we connected with Dan Malyszko of Malikso Engineering, a system integration firm focused on delivering automation systems to manufacturers of all sizes—from small local companies to global operations—for a recent episode of the “Automation World Gets Your Questions Answered” podcast series.

Like most everybody, Malisko Engineering experienced “a bit of a lull in terms of any active project work” in the first months of the pandemic, said Malyszko. “But during that time, it was interesting to see how things evolved. With traditional automation projects, we’re now seeing people thinking more about the data side. For example, as these projects ramp back up, people are asking: ‘Can we add some reports to that? Because so-and-so is remote, and they're going to want to be able to see what's going on.’ I think we're going to see more and more of this as people get used to this new normal. We're going to have to be able to provide more remote access to production and efficiency data in real time and make it a very clean, easy experience for the user.”

As automation projects slowly begin to ramp back up, Malyszko said he’s seeing more planning for 2021. Specifically, he’s seeing clients not just looking to what’s next, but “what's after next?” People are increasingly talking about things they weren't talking about before. And a lot of those have to do with things like remote monitoring,” he said.

Remote access
Technologies associated with remote access and monitoring have, of course, been of interest to a number of manufacturers for years now, and we’ve reported on it often, such as in this feature article: IIoT Enables Next-Level Remote Asset Monitoring. What’s changed is the fact that COVID-19 has seemingly lit a fire under manufacturers who were hesitant to deploy this technology or who didn’t think it was necessary for them to make a move toward remote access tech yet.

We're hearing from all of our customers about how automation can help address the ways COVID-19 is affecting production, said Malyszko, especially around the use of remote connectivity. Cybersecurity issues remain at the top of manufacturer concerns about this technology, despite the added pressures of COVID-19. In most cases, cybersecurity concerns have kept many manufacturers from deploying remote access up to this point.

Malyszko said the uptick in remote access interest from so many manufacturers has allowed Malisko Engineering to flex its OT (operations technology) expertise when talking to the IT (information technology) departments about bringing remote connectivity and other collaboration technologies down to the plant floor.

“What we’ve found is that this is one of those areas—securing endpoints and securing data—that IT is really, really good at, and they've been doing it for years,” said Malyszko. “So if there’s one benefit from all this that we've seen is that this [pandemic] is facilitating new digital conversations. Everybody talks about having a digital roadmap or a digital strategy, and this notion of remotely connecting to the plant floor is now driving that conversation.”

Social distancing
He also noted that every company they’re working with has some sort of a COVID committee focused on figuring out how to return people safely to work. This discussion “can't be just about behavior modification for right now. It really needs to be about how can we promote longer-term behavior modification and new ways of doing things in the plant,” Malyszko said. Following this new line of thought, we’re seeing “requests for various social distancing technologies that you might wear, like a Bluetooth device, we're also seeing interest in ultra wideband. This has traditionally been used to track assets, but now we’re looking at it to track people within a resolution of about one foot. And we’re also dealing with an increase in interest around connecting people from corporate headquarters to the plant floor. In the past, these people would have been able to jump on a plane and help out, but now they're having to do that remotely. That’s driving interest in technologies like Cisco’s Remote Expert to connect people in real time using video headsets and being able to see, remotely, whatever the operator is seeing in front of them on the line.”

According to Malyszko, these factors are now driving a lot of conversations about plant Wi-Fi. Up to now, we've seen Wi-Fi be “kind of hit and miss in plants,” he said, but interest in all of these “new remote technologies is driving new conversations about putting in more Wi-Fi on the plant floor. And we see that opening up a lot more doors to other, more advanced technologies down the road, once we get past this [pandemic]. With this move toward more Wi-Fi, the notion of people walking around with iPads and going paperless, that starts to become more of a reality.”

IT/OT alignment
Referencing work Malisko Engineering is doing now with the Dairy Farmers of America (DFA) and Cisco, Malyszko explained they’re using Cisco’s WebEx technology and video headsets to connect operators with maintenance technicians for remote equipment troubleshooting. “We’re also working on contact tracing pilots, where we're trying to take data that they [DFA] already have about where people are and providing the analytics for contact tracing in the event that somebody tests positive. Because everybody's moving, we need more analytics, so we’ll need to apply artificial intelligence and machine learning. It’s a very different application for us, but it feels like we're installing technology bases now that could have so many other application use cases for things like better asset tracking and improving the  workflow of existing processes.”

Malyszko said he hopes this heightened interest in remote connection  technologies continues to drive a bigger portion of the industry toward greater levels of digital transformation. “I hope that it's a longer-term response to getting IT departments and corporate more involved [in plant technologies]. Once we prove what can be done with remote connectivity to keep people connected, what about connecting all those assets and really start looking at Industrial Internet of Things. Once we have all this connectivity in place, manufacturers and processors will more easily be able to see that we can do other things, like grabbing data from all of the plants and aggregating it so that they can have better KPIs (key performance indicators).”

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